Loanword

A loanword (or loan word) is a word borrowed from a donor language and incorporated into a recipient language. By contrast, a calque or loan translation is a related concept where the meaning or idiom is borrowed rather than the lexical item itself. The word loanword is itself a calque of the German Lehnwort, while calque is a loanword from French.

LoanwordHistorical linguistics|||Loanwords|||Cultural assimilation|||Etymology|||

Gene expression

Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product. These products are often proteins, but in non-protein coding genes such as ribosomal RNA (rRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA) or small nuclear RNA (snRNA) genes, the product is a functional RNA. The process of gene expression is used by all known life - eukaryotes, prokaryotes, possibly induced by viruses - to generate the macromolecular machinery for life.

Gene expressionMolecular biology|||Gene expression|||

Profanity

Profanity, also known as swearing, cursing, foul speech, strong language, dirty words, cussing, bad words, bad language, adult language, or simply language, is pejorative language that shows disrespect, desecration or debasement. Profanity can take the form of words, expressions, gestures (such as flipping the middle finger), or other social behaviors that are construed or interpreted as insulting, rude, vulgar, obscene, obnoxious, foul, desecrating or other forms.

ProfanityProfanity|||

Idiom

An idiom (Latin: idioma, "special property", f. Greek: ἰδίωμα – idiōma, "special feature, special phrasing", f. Greek: ἴδιος – idios, "one’s own") is an expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is comprehended in regard to a common use of that expression that is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words of which it is made. There are estimated to be at least 25,000 idiomatic expressions in the English language.

IdiomIdioms|||Lexical units|||

Arithmetic

Arithmetic or arithmetics is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used by almost everyone, for tasks ranging from simple day-to-day counting to advanced science and business calculations. It involves the study of quantity, especially as the result of operations that combine numbers. In common usage, it refers to the simpler properties when using the traditional operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division with smaller values of numbers.

ArithmeticMathematics education|||Arithmetic|||

Bhakti

Bhakti in Hinduism and Buddhism is religious devotion in the form of active involvement of a devotee in worship of the divine. Within monotheistic Hinduism, it is the love felt by the worshipper towards the personal God, a concept expressed in Hindu theology as Iṣṭa-devatā (also as Svayam Bhagavan in Gaudiya Vaishnavism). Bhakthi can be used of either tradition of Hindu monotheism, Shaivaism or Vaishnavism.

BhaktiMeditation|||Yoga styles|||Religious behaviour and experience|||Sanskrit words and phrases|||Hindu philosophical concepts|||Bhakti movement|||Yoga|||

Wiki markup

For Wikitext formatting in relation to Wikipedia, see Help:Wiki markup. Wikitext language, or wiki markup, is a lightweight markup language used to write pages in wiki websites, such as Wikipedia, and is a simplified alternative/intermediate to HTML. Its ultimate purpose is to be converted by wiki software into HTML, which in turn is served to web browsers. There is no commonly accepted standard wikitext language.

Wiki markupLightweight markup languages|||Wikis|||

Colloquialism

A colloquialism is a word, phrase, or paralanguage that is employed in conversational or informal language but not in formal speech or formal writing. Dictionaries often display colloquial words and phrases with the abbreviation colloq. as an identifier. Colloquialisms are sometimes referred to collectively as "colloquial language".

ColloquialismIdioms|||Article Feedback 5|||Linguistics|||

Regular expression

In computing, a regular expression provides a concise and flexible means to "match" (specify and recognize) strings of text, such as particular characters, words, or patterns of characters. Common abbreviations for "regular expression" include regex and regexp. The concept of regular expressions was first popularized by utilities provided by Unix distributions, in particular the editor ed and the filter grep.

Regular expressionAutomata theory|||Formal languages|||Programming constructs|||Regular expressions|||Pattern matching|||

Book of the Month Club

The Book of the Month Club (founded 1926) is a United States mail-order book sales club that offers a new book each month to customers. The Book of the Month Club is part of a larger company that runs many book clubs in the United States and Canada. It was formerly the flagship club of Book-of-the-Month Club, Inc. That company merged with Doubleday Direct, Inc. , a company owned by Bertelsmann, in 2000.

Book of the Month ClubTime Warner|||Book publishing companies of the United States|||Book clubs|||Direct marketing|||Entertainment companies of the United States|||Publishing companies established in 1923|||Bertelsmann|||

Boolean algebra

Boolean algebra, as developed in 1854 by George Boole in his book An Investigation of the Laws of Thought, is a variant of ordinary elementary algebra differing in its values, operations, and laws. Instead of the usual algebra of numbers, Boolean algebra is the algebra of truth values 0 and 1, or equivalently of subsets of a given set. The operations are usually taken to be conjunction ∧, disjunction ∨, and negation ¬, with constants 0 and 1.

Boolean algebraAlgebraic logic|||Articles with example code|||Boolean algebra|||

The Guess Who

The Guess Who are a Canadian rock band from Winnipeg, Manitoba. Initially gaining recognition in Canada, they also found international success from the late 1960s through the mid-1970s with numerous hit singles, including "American Woman", "These Eyes" and "Share the Land". Several former members of The Guess Who, notably Burton Cummings and Randy Bachman, have also found considerable success outside the band. The band was inducted into The Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1987.

The Guess WhoCanadian rock music groups|||Juno Award winners|||Musical groups disestablished in 1975|||Musical groups from Winnipeg|||Musical groups reestablished in 1977|||Canadian Music Hall of Fame inductees|||Musical groups established in 1965|||

Quantification

Quantification has several distinct senses. In mathematics and empirical science, it is the act of counting and measuring that maps human sense observations and experiences into members of some set of numbers. Quantification in this sense is fundamental to the scientific method. In logic, quantification is the binding of a variable ranging over a domain of discourse. The variable thereby becomes bound by an operator called a quantifier.

QuantificationSemantics|||Logic|||Predicate logic|||Philosophical logic|||Quantification|||

Jewish culture

Secular Jewish culture embraces several related phenomena; above all, it is the international culture of secular communities of Jewish people, but it can also include the cultural contributions of individuals who identify as secular Jews. Derived from philosophy of Moses Mendelssohn, since the early 19th century the international community of Jewish people is generally considered to be an ethnoreligious rather than solely a religious grouping.

Jewish cultureHaskalah|||Jewish history|||Secular Jewish culture|||

NATO phonetic alphabet

The NATO phonetic alphabet, more accurately known as the NATO spelling alphabet and also called the ICAO phonetic or spelling alphabet, the ITU phonetic alphabet, and the international radiotelephony spelling alphabet, is the most widely used spelling alphabet.

NATO phonetic alphabetAmateur radio|||Spelling alphabets|||NATO|||Latin-alphabet representations|||Military communications|||

Facial expression

A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles in the skin. These movements convey the emotional state of the individual to observers. Facial expressions are a form of nonverbal communication. They are a primary means of conveying social information among humans, but also occur in most other mammals and some other animal species. Humans can adopt a facial expression to read as a voluntary action.

Facial expressionFacial expressions|||Anatomical simulation|||Emotion|||

List of Latin phrases

This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases, as Greek rhetoric and literature were highly regarded in ancient Rome when Latin rhetoric and literature were still maturing. The Latin letter i can be used as either a vowel or a consonant.

List of Latin phrasesLists of phrases|||Lists of lists|||Latin words and phrases|||

Boolean satisfiability problem

In computer science, satisfiability (often written in all capitals or abbreviated SAT) is the problem of determining if the variables of a given Boolean formula can be assigned in such a way as to make the formula evaluate to TRUE. Equally important is to determine whether no such assignments exist, which would imply that the function expressed by the formula is identically FALSE for all possible variable assignments.

Boolean satisfiability problemNP-complete problems|||Formal methods|||Satisfiability problems|||Logic in computer science|||Boolean algebra|||Electronic design automation|||

Closed-form expression

In mathematics, an expression is said to be a closed-form expression if it can be expressed analytically in terms of a finite number of certain "well-known" functions. Typically, these well-known functions are defined to be elementary functions—constants, one variable x, elementary operations of arithmetic (+ − × ÷), nth roots, exponent and logarithm (which thus also include trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions).

Closed-form expressionSpecial functions|||Algebra|||

Conditional (programming)

In computer science, conditional statements, conditional expressions and conditional constructs are features of a programming language which perform different computations or actions depending on whether a programmer-specified boolean condition evaluates to true or false. Apart from the case of branch predication, this is always achieved by selectively altering the control flow based on some condition.

Conditional (programming)Articles with example C code|||Articles with example Haskell code|||Articles with example pseudocode|||Articles with example Pascal code|||Conditional constructs|||

Call for bids

A call for bids, call for tenders, invitation to tender (ITT), or invitation of tenders (often called tender for short) is a special procedure for generating competing offers from different bidders looking to obtain an award of business activity in works, supply, or service contracts. They are usually preceded by a pre-qualification questionnaire (PQQ).

Call for bidsAuctioneering|||Procurement|||Auctions and trading|||

Nth root

In mathematics, the nth root of a number x is a number r which, when raised to the power of n, equals x where n is the degree of the root. A root of degree 2 is called a square root and a root of degree 3, a cube root. Roots of higher degree are referred to using ordinal numbers, as in fourth root, twentieth root, etc. For example: 2 is a square root of 4, since 2 = 4. −2 is also a square root of 4, since (−2) = 4. A real number or complex number has n roots of degree n.

Nth rootElementary algebra|||

Boolean function

In mathematics, a Boolean function (or switching function) is a function of the form ƒ : B → B, where B = {0, 1} is a Boolean domain and k is a non-negative integer called the arity of the function. In the case where k = 0, the "function" is essentially a constant element of B. Every k-ary Boolean formula can be expressed as a propositional formula in k variables x1, …, xk, and two propositional formulas are logically equivalent if and only if they express the same Boolean function.

Boolean functionTheory of cryptography|||Symmetric-key cryptography|||Boolean algebra|||

Expression (computer science)

An expression in a programming language is a combination of explicit values, constants, variables, operators, and functions that are interpreted according to the particular rules of precedence and of association for a particular programming language, which computes and then produces (returns, in a stateful environment) another value. This process, like for mathematical expressions, is called evaluation. The value can be of various types, such as numerical, string, and logical.

Expression (computer science)Evaluation|||Programming language concepts|||

Utterance

In spoken language analysis an utterance is a smallest unit of speech. It is generally but not always bounded by silence. It can be represented and delineated in written language in many ways. Note that in such areas of research utterances do not exist in written language, only their representations do. In other fields it is medium-neutral and refers to any use of language in context (in contrast with the abstract form sentence).

UtterancePhilosophy of language|||Sociolinguistics|||Discourse analysis|||Oral communication|||

Well-formed formula

In mathematical logic, a well-formed formula, shortly wff, often simply formula, is a word which is part of a formal language. A formal language can be considered to be identical to the set containing all and only its formulas. A formula is a syntactic formal object that can be informally given a semantic meaning.

Well-formed formulaMetalogic|||Formal languages|||Syntax (logic)|||Logical expressions|||Mathematical logic|||

Mass in special relativity

Mass in special relativity incorporates the general understandings from the concept of mass-energy equivalence.

Mass in special relativitySpecial relativity|||Mass|||

Expression (mathematics)

In mathematics, an expression is a finite combination of symbols that is well-formed according to rules that depend on the context. Symbols can designate numbers, variables, operations, functions, and other mathematical symbols, as well as punctuation, symbols of grouping, and other syntactic symbols.

Expression (mathematics)Evaluation|||Logical expressions|||Abstract algebra|||

Black Arts Movement

The Black Arts Movement or BAM is the artistic branch of the Black Power movement. It was started in Harlem by writer and activist Amiri Baraka (born Everett LeRoi Jones). Time magazine describes the Black Arts Movement as the "single most controversial moment in the history of African-American literature – possibly in American literature as a whole. " The Black Arts Repertory Theatre is a key institution of the Black Arts Movement.

Black Arts MovementAfrican-American history|||Organizations based in the United States|||American art movements|||African American poets|||1960s establishments|||Art exhibitions|||

Atomic formula

In mathematical logic, an atomic formula (also known simply as an atom) is a formula with no deeper propositional structure, that is, a formula that contains no logical connectives or equivalently a formula that has no strict subformulas. Atoms are thus the simplest well-formed formulas of the logic. Compound formulas are formed by combining the atomic formulas using the logical connectives.

Atomic formulaLogical expressions|||Predicate logic|||

S-expression

In computing, s-expressions, sexprs or sexps (for "symbolic expression") are a notation for nested list data, invented for and popularized by the programming language Lisp, which uses them for source code as well as data. In the usual parenthesized syntax of Lisp, an s-expression is classically defined inductively as an atom, or an expression of the form where x and y are s-expressions.

S-expressionLisp programming language|||Data serialization formats|||

Indeterminate form

In calculus and other branches of mathematical analysis, an indeterminate form is an algebraic expression obtained in the context of limits. Limits involving algebraic operations are often performed by replacing subexpressions by their limits; if the expression obtained after this substitution does not give enough information to determine the original limit, it is known as an indeterminate form. The indeterminate forms include 0, 0/0, 1, ∞ − ∞, ∞/∞, 0 × ∞, and ∞.

Indeterminate formLimits (mathematics)|||

Infix notation

Infix notation is the common arithmetic and logical formula notation, in which operators are written infix-style between the operands they act on (e.g. 2 + 2). It is not as simple to parse by computers as prefix notation (e.g. + 2 2) or postfix notation (e.g. 2 2 +), but many programming languages use it due to its familiarity.

Infix notationMathematical notation|||Operators (programming)|||

F Sharp (programming language)

F# (pronounced F Sharp) is a multi-paradigm programming language, targeting the . NET Framework, that encompasses functional programming as well as imperative and object-oriented programming disciplines. It is a variant of ML and is largely compatible with the OCaml implementation. F# was initially developed by Don Syme at Microsoft Research but is now being developed at Microsoft Developer Division and is being distributed as a fully supported language in the .

F Sharp (programming language)Microsoft Research|||Cross-platform free software|||.NET programming languages|||ML programming language family|||Functional languages|||Programming languages created in 2002|||

Protein expression (biotechnology)

Protein expression is a subcomponent of gene expression. It consists of the stages after DNA has been transcribed to messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is then translated into polypeptide chains, which are ultimately folded into proteins. Protein expression is commonly used by proteomics researchers to denote the measurement of the presence and abundance of one or more proteins in a particular cell or tissue.

Protein expression (biotechnology)Gene expression|||

Switch statement

In computer programming, a switch, case, select or inspect statement is a type of selection control mechanism that exists in most imperative programming languages such as Pascal, Ada, C/C++, C#, Java, and so on. It is also included in several other types of languages. Its purpose is to allow the value of a variable or expression to control the flow of program execution via a multiway branch.

Switch statementArticle Feedback 5|||Conditional constructs|||

Emotional expression

Emotional expressions in psychology are observable verbal and nonverbal behaviors that communicate an internal emotional or affective state. Examples of emotional expression are facial movements such as smiling or scowling, or behaviors like crying or laughing. Emotional expressions can occur with or without self-awareness.

Emotional expressionEmotion|||

Emotivism

Emotivism is a meta-ethical view that claims that ethical sentences do not express propositions but emotional attitudes. Influenced by the growth of analytic philosophy and logical positivism in the 20th century, the theory was stated vividly by A. J. Ayer in his 1936 book Language, Truth and Logic, but its development owes more to C. L. Stevenson. Emotivism is also known colloquially as the hurrah/boo theory. This makes emotivism a form of non-cognitivism or expressivism.

EmotivismEthical theories|||Meta-ethics|||

List comprehension

A list comprehension is a syntactic construct available in some programming languages for creating a list based on existing lists. It follows the form of the mathematical set-builder notation (set comprehension) as distinct from the use of map and filter functions.

List comprehensionArticles with example Haskell code|||Articles with example code|||Programming constructs|||Articles with example Racket code|||Articles with example Python code|||

Evaluation strategy

In computer science, an evaluation strategy is a set of (usually deterministic) rules for evaluating expressions in a programming language. Emphasis is typically placed on functions or operators: an evaluation strategy defines when and in what order the arguments to a function are evaluated, when they are substituted into the function, and what form that substitution takes.

Evaluation strategyEvaluation strategy|||Programming language topics|||

List of French words and phrases used by English speakers

Here are some examples of French words and phrases used by English speakers. English contains many words of French origin, such as art, competition, force, machine, police, publicity, role, routine, table, and many other Anglicized French words. These are pronounced according to English rules of phonology, rather than French.

List of French words and phrases used by English speakersLists of English words of foreign origin|||Lists of phrases|||French loanwords|||

Ground expression

Ground expressionLogical expressions|||Mathematical logic|||

Berlinerisch dialect

Berlinerisch or Berlinisch is a dialect of Berlin Brandenburgish spoken in Berlin. It originates from a Mark Brandenburgish variant. However, several phrases in Berlinisch are typical for the city, indicating the manifold origins of immigrants, among them the Huguenots from France.

Berlinerisch dialectGerman dialects|||Languages of Germany|||Dialects by location|||Central German languages|||Berlin culture|||City colloquials|||

Expressivism

Expressivism in meta-ethics is a theory about the meaning of moral language. According to expressivism, sentences that employ moral terms–for example, “It is wrong to torture an innocent human being”–are not descriptive or fact-stating; moral terms such as “wrong,” “good,” or “just” do not refer to real, in-the-world properties.

ExpressivismEthical theories|||Meta-ethics|||Theories of language|||

Hi Tech Expressions

Hi Tech Expressions was an American console game company headquartered in Lower Manhattan, New York City. Hi Tech existed during the early 1990s. During the course of its existence, the company made primarily juvenile-oriented games for young boys and girls. While it made a few adolescent-oriented games like Hunt for Red October and War in Middle Earth (derived from the classic book The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R.

Hi Tech ExpressionsDefunct video game companies|||Defunct companies based in New York City|||Video game companies of the United States|||

Unparliamentary language

In a Westminster system, unparliamentary language is words or phrases that are deemed to be inappropriate for use in the House whilst it is in session. This includes, but is not limited to the suggestion of dishonesty or profanity. The most prohibited case is any suggestion that another member is dishonourable. So, for example, suggesting that another member is lying is forbidden. Exactly what constitutes unparliamentary language is generally left to the discretion of the Speaker of the House.

Unparliamentary languageWestminster system|||Parliamentary procedure|||English phrases|||Euphemisms|||

Expression

Expression

Mathematical expression

Mathematical expression

MultiDimensional eXpressions

Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) is a query language for OLAP databases, much like SQL is a query language for relational databases. It is also a calculation language, with syntax similar to spreadsheet formulas.

MultiDimensional eXpressionsQuery languages|||Online analytical processing|||

Algebraic expression

In mathematics, an algebraic expression is an expression that contains variables and a finite number of algebraic operations. A rational algebraic expression is an algebraic expression that can be written as a quotient of polynomials, such as x + 2x + 4. An irrational algebraic expression is one that is not rational, such as √x + 4.

Algebraic expressionElementary algebra|||

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